Plačiausias patikimų dantų implantų asortimentas

Dantų implantai. Implantavimo medžiagos. Implantologų duomenų bazė.

Dental Implants

History of dental implants

Dantų implantų istorija

Hard to believe, but people started using dental implants more than 2000 years ago. They were applied for treatment in South and North America and regions of the Middle Asia and Mediterranean before Christ.

600 years before Christ, the Indians of Maya and Inca tribes were some of the first people having started making dental implants. They made substitutes for teeth of stone or gold and often decorated teeth with jewel incrustations.

Historians think the pain was reduced by giving the “patients” coca leaves or mushrooms with a hallucinogenic effect for chewing.

In the Middle Ages, dental implantation was performed by applying the teeth of other (often dead) people. For example, the famous Arabian surgeon Abul Kasim used implants made of bovine bone. However, these implantations became a reason for infectious diseases and even deaths, so they were not popular again in the XVII-XVIII century.

Historians think the first dental implantation like those performed nowadays was made in 1809. A golden implant was inserted in the alveolus of a just extracted tooth and left for the “establishment” before adapting prosthesis.

Later, E.J. Greenfield raised the bar of medicine of this field to a higher level as he was the first person who described the protocol of implantation surgery and gave recommendations for sterile work.

At the end of the XIX century, specialists of the USA were able to implant people the teeth serving from 8 to 11 years. At that time, platinum, gold, china, gutta-percha, rubber, wood, tin and lead were used for their production.

The turning-point in dental implantation took place quite late, just a little more than 50 years ago. In 1952, the Swedish surgeon Per Ingvar Branemark started examining bone recovery and regeneration. It was known that the human organism mostly rejects any foreign bodies, but the scientist discovered that namely titanium was accepted favourably and was able to serve as basis while replacing natural teeth with artificial ones in case of implanting it in the natural bone. This phenomenon was named osteointegration or bone junction.

In 1965, professor Per Ingvar Branemark performed the first dental implantation in the world for his countryman Swedish Gosta Larsson by applying his scientific discoveries. The dental implants served until the end of his life, for more than 40 years. Nowadays, dental implants are the most advanced and reliable method of dental prosthesis.